LED Traffic Lights
By Bill Bowden
The timing sequence is generated using a CMOS 4017 decade counter and a 555 timer. Counter outputs 1 through 4 are wire ORed using 4 diodes so that the (Red - North/South) and (Green - East/West) LEDs will be on during the first four counts. The fifth count (pin 10) illuminates (Yellow - East/West) and (Red - North/South). Counts 6 through 9 are also wire ORed using diodes to control (Red - East/West) and (Green - North/South). Count 10 (pin 11) controls (Red - East/West) and (Yellow - North/South). The time period for the red and green lamps will be 4 times longer than for the yellow and the complete cycle time can be adjusted with the 47K resistor. The eight 1N914 diodes could be subsituted with a dual 4 input OR gate (CD4072).
5368 05 August 2007
Here is the schematic of another fluorescent ballast circuit from a lamp I acquired along with the 80W electronic ballast. It actually contains a pair of the circuit in the diagram, one for each bulb.
This circuit came from a 14 Watt Commercial Electric spiral bulb from Home Depot. In fact, I drew it in that way because it was layed out very well, so much credit should go to Sam Goldwasser.
This circuit used to come as a kit from a surplus supplier, but probably isn't available anymore. It shows a few novel concepts such as using a 555 as a pulse width modulator (PWM), and series/parallel camera flash transformers.