Telephone Audio Interface
By Bill Bowden
Telephone Audio Interface circuit
A non-polarized capacitor is placed in series with the transformer line connection to prevent DC current from flowing in the transformer winding which may prevent the line from returning to the on-hook state. The capacitor should have a voltage rating above the peak ring voltage of 90 volts plus the on-hook voltage of 48 volts, or 138 volts total. This was measured locally and may vary with location, a 400 volt or more rating is recommended. Audio level from the transformer is about 100 millivolts which can be connected to a high impedance amplifier or tape recorder input. The 3 transistor amplifier shown above can also be used. For overvoltage protection, two diodes are connected across the transformer secondary to limit the audio signal to 700 millivolts peak during the ringing signal. The diodes can be most any silicon type (1N400X / 1N4148 / 1N914 or other). The 620 ohm resistor serves to reduce loading of the line if the output is connected to a very low impedance.
1655 22 August 2007
This circuit is able to handle nine independent telephones (using a single telephone line pair) located at nine different locations.
The telephone ring generator shown below generates the needed high voltage from a simple switching mode power supply.
The circuit presented here can be used for connecting two telephones in parallel and also as a 2-line intercom.